关键字:葡萄糖酸钾Potassium Gluconate说明书_功效_不良反应
葡萄糖酸钾
Potassium Gluconate
中文别名: 葡萄糖酸钾
英文别名:
生产企业:
药品类别: 电解质平衡调节药
适 应 症
  1.Potassium gluconate is a mineral that is found naturally in foods and is necessary for many normal functions of your body, especially the beating of your heart.
2.Potassium gluconate is used to prevent or to treat potassium deficiency.
3.Potassium gluconate may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide.
用法用量
  1.Take potassium gluconate exactly as directed by your doctor. If you do not understand these directions, ask your pharmacist, nurse, or doctor to explain them to you.
2.Take each dose with a full glass of water.
3.Take potassium gluconate with food or milk to lessen stomach upset.
4.Mix the powder or liquid with at least 4 ounces (one-half cup) of water or juice. Mix it thoroughly and drink it immediately. Do not drink the liquid without diluting it first.
5.Store potassium gluconate at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
不良反应
  1.If you experience any of the following serious side effects, stop taking potassium gluconate and seek emergency medical attention:
*an allergic reaction (difficulty breathing; closing of your throat; swelling of your lips, tongue, or face; or hives);
*confusion;
*an irregular heartbeat;
*difficulty breathing;
*unusual fatigue, weakness, or heavy legs;
*abdominal pain or severe cramping; or
*black, bloody, or tarry stools.
2.Other, less serious side effects may be more likely to occur. Continue to take potassium gluconate and talk to your doctor if you experience
*nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or abdominal discomfort;
*a rash;
*slight tingling in the hands or feet; or
*anxiety.
3.Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome.
注意事项
  1.Take each dose with a full glass of water.
2.Take potassium gluconate with food or milk to lessen stomach upset.
3.Mix the liquid with at least 4 ounces (one-half cup) of water or juice. Mix it thoroughly and drink it immediately. Do not drink the liquid without diluting it first.
4.Do not take salt substitutes or drink low-salt milk while taking potassium gluconate unless your doctor approves. Salt substitutes and low-salt milk usually contain potassium. You may get too much potassium and suffer from side effects if you use these products.
If Miss a Dose: 1.Take the missed dose as soon as you remember up to 2 hours late. If more than 2 hours have passed since the dose you missed, skip that dose and take only your next regularly scheduled dose. Do not take a double dose of this medication.
Contraindications: 1.Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you
*have kidney disease;
*are taking a potassium-sparing diuretic such as triamterene (Dyrenium, Dyazide, Maxzide), spironolactone (Aldactone, Aldactazide), or amiloride (Midamor, Moduretic);
*have Addison's disease;
*have an ulcer or an intestinal blockage; or
*have chronic diarrhea.
2.You may not be able to take potassium gluconate, or you may require a lower dose or special monitoring during treatment if you have any of the conditions listed above.
3.Potassium gluconate is in the FDA pregnancy category C. This means that it is not known whether potassium gluconate will harm an unborn baby. Do not take this medication without first talking to your doctor if you are pregnant.
4.It is also not known whether potassium passes into breast milk. As long as potassium levels in your body are within the normal range, this medication is not expected to harm a nursing infant. Talk to your doctor before taking potassium gluconate if you are breast-feeding a baby.
Special Concerns: 1.Do not take salt substitutes or drink low-salt milk while taking potassium gluconate unless your doctor approves. Salt substitutes and low-salt milk usually contain potassium. You may get too much potassium and suffer from side effects if you use these products.
2.Do not stop taking this medication unless your doctor approves. Stopping could make your condition much worse.
3.Do not take any over-the-counter form of this medication without first talking to your doctor or pharmacist.
药物相互作用
  1.The following drugs may increase the effects of potassium gluconate:
*angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) such as benazepril (Lotensin) and captopril (Capoten);
*other commonly used ACE inhibitors, including enalapril (Vasotec), fosinopril (Monopril), lisinopril (Zestril, Prinivil), moexipril (Univasc), quinapril (Accupril), and ramipril (Altace);
*potassium-sparing diuretics such as triamterene (Dyrenium, Dyazide, Maxzide), spironolactone (Aldactone, Aldactazide), and amiloride (Midamor, Moduretic);
*beta-blockers such as atenolol (Tenormin) and propranolol (Inderal); and
*other commonly used beta-blockers, including acebutolol (Sectral), bisoprolol (Zebeta), carteolol (Cartrol), labetalol (Normodyne, Trandate), nadolol (Corgard), metoprolol (Lopressor), and pindolol (Visken).
2.Do not take any of the medicines listed above with potassium gluconate except under the supervision of your doctor.
3.Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following medicines:
*the heart medicine digoxin (Lanoxin);
*a diuretic (water pill) such as hydrochlorothiazide (Hydrodiuril, HCTZ, others), chlorothiazide (Diuril, others), metolazone (Zaroxolyn), or indapamide (Lozol);
*a steroid such as prednisone (Deltasone, Orasone, others), cortisone (Cortone), hydrocortisone (Cortef, Hydrocortone, others), or dexamethasone (Decadron, Hexadrol); or
*an anti-inflammatory drug such as ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, others), naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox, Naprosyn, others), or ketoprofen (Orudis KT, Orudis, Oruvail).
4.Drugs other than those listed here may also interact with potassium gluconate or affect your condition. Talk to your doctor and pharmacist before taking any prescription or over-the-counter medicines.
药品过量
  1.Seek emergency medical attention. 2.Symptoms of a potassium gluconate overdose include paralysis; numbness or tingling in the hands, arms, legs or feet; an irregular heartbeat; low blood pressure (dizziness, confusion, weakness, fatigue); seizures; coma; and heart attack.
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