Tributyl Citrate, chemical structure, molecular formula, Reference Standards
»Tributyl Citrate contains not less than 99.0percent of C18H32O7,calculated on the anhydrous basis.
Packaging and storage
Preserve in tight containers.
USP Reference standards á11ñ
USP Acetyltributyl Citrate RS.USP Tributyl Citrate RS.
Infrared Absorption á197Fñ.
The retention time for the major peak in the chromatogram of theAssay preparation corresponds to that in the chromatogram of a similar preparation of USP Tributyl Citrate RS.
Specific gravity á841ñ:
between 1.037and 1.045.
Refractive index á831ñ:
between 1.443and 1.445.
Dissolve 32.0g in 30mLof isopropyl alcohol,previously neutralized to bromothymol blue,add bromothymol blue TS,and titrate with 0.10Nsodium hydroxide to a faint blue endpoint:not more than 1.0mLis required.
not more than 0.2%.
Heavy metals,Method IIá231ñ:
System suitability solution
Prepare a solution in toluene containing about 30mg each of USP Tributyl Citrate RSand USP Acetyltributyl Citrate RSper mL.
Transfer about 300mg of Tributyl Citrate,accurately weighed,to a 10-mLvolumetric flask,dissolve in and dilute with toluene to volume,and mix.
Chromatographic system(see Chromatography á621ñ)
The gas chromatograph is equipped with an on-column,temperature-programmable injector,a flame-ionization detector maintained at about 275,and a 0.32-mm ×30-m column bonded with a 0.5-µm layer of phase G42.The column temperature is programmed to be maintained at about 80for 0.5minute,then to increase to about 220at a rate of 20per minute,and to hold at about 220for 10minutes.The injection port temperature is programmed to be maintained at about 85for 0.5minute,then to increase to about 225at a rate of 20per minute,and to hold at about 225for 10minutes.Helium is used as the carrier gas at a flow rate of about 2.3mLper minute.Chromatograph theSystem suitability solution,and record the peak responses as directed forProcedure:the relative retention times are about 0.9for tributyl citrate and 1.0for acetyltributyl citrate;the resolution,R,between tributyl citrate and acetyltributyl citrate is not less than 1.5;and the relative standard deviation for replicate injections is not more than 2.0%determined from both the tributyl citrate and acetyltributyl citrate peaks,based on area percent calculation.
Inject 1µLof the Assay preparationinto the chromatograph,record the chromatogram,and measure all of the peak areas,excluding the solvent peak.Calculate the percentage of C18H32O7in the portion of Tributyl Citrate taken by the formula:
in whichAis the tributyl citrate peak response;andBis the sum of the responses of all the peaks.
Staff Liaison:Ravi Ravichandran,Ph.D.,Senior Scientist
Expert Committee:(EMC)Excipients:Monograph Content
Pharmacopeial Forum:Volume No.27(5)Page 3067
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